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What is tooth cavity?
Cavity occur as a result of tooth decay. Tooth decay is the destruction of tooth structure. Tooth decay can affect both the enamel (the outer coating of the tooth) and the dentin (the inner layer of the tooth).
Why cavity occurs on teeth?
Tooth cavity occurs when foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches) such as breads, cereals, milk, soda, fruits, cakes, or candy are left on the teeth. Bacteria that live in the mouth digest these foods, turning them into acids. The bacteria, acid, food debris, and saliva combine to form plaque, which clings to the teeth. The acids in plaque dissolve the enamel surface of the teeth, creating holes in the teeth called cavities, or caries.
How Do I Know if I Have a Cavity?
Just by viewing it is very difficult to discover cavities in your or your child’s mouth. May be the only cavities which look as black spots
right on the top of the surface of the tooth can be traced by you. But those cavities started in between the teeth (proximal Caries) or under the gums (root caries) are only detected by your Dentist & they can be discovered during your regular dental check-up. Your dentist can detect a cavity or hole in your tooth surface when explored by a dental instrument. X-rays can also show cavities before they become visible to the eye.
In advanced stages of tooth decay, you might experience a toothache , especially after consuming sweet, hot, or cold foods or drinks. Other signs of tooth decay are visible pits or holes in the teeth which frequently starts catching the food. This may cause mild, moderate, severe to very severe pain. This is the time when a Root Canal Treatment is required. Before this happens meet your dentist & save your teeth in minimum treatment ie. Filling.
What Is the Treatment for Cavities?
There are a number of different treatments for cavities depending on the extent of tooth decay. If decay is not extensive, the decayed portion of the tooth is removed by drilling and replaced with a filling made of silver alloy, gold, porcelain, or a composite resin.
What is a Filling?
A filling is a way to restore a tooth damaged by decay back to its normal function and shape. When a dentist gives you a filling, he or she first removes the decayed tooth material, cleans the affected area, and then fills the cleaned out cavity with a filling material.
By closing off spaces where bacteria can enter, a filling also helps prevent further decay. Materials used for fillings include gold, porcelain, a composite resin (tooth-colored fillings), and an amalgam (an alloy of mercury, silver, copper, tin and sometimes zinc).
Which Type of Filling is Best?
No one type of filling is best for everyone. What's right for you will be determined by the extent of the repair, whether you have allergies to certain materials, where in your mouth the filling is needed, and the cost. Considerations for different materials include:
- Gold fillings are made to order in a laboratory and then cemented into place. Gold inlays are well tolerated by gum tissues, and may last more than 20 years. For these reasons, many authorities consider gold the best filling material. However, it is often the most expensive choice and requires multiple visits.
- Amalgam (silver) fillings are resistant to wear and relatively inexpensive. However, due to their dark color, they are more noticeable than porcelain or composite restorations and are not usually used in very visible areas, such as front teeth.
- Composite (plastic) resins are matched to be the same color as your teeth and therefore used where a natural appearance is desired. The ingredients are mixed and placed directly into the cavity, where they harden.
- Porcelain fillings are called inlays or onlays and are produced to order in a lab and then bonded to the tooth. They can be matched to the color of the tooth and resist staining. A porcelain restoration generally covers most of the tooth.
- If decay or a fracture has damaged a large portion of the tooth, a crown, or cap , may be recommended. Decay that has reached the nerve may be treated in two ways: through root canal therapy (in which nerve damaged nerve is removed) or through a procedure called pulp capping (which attempts to keep the nerve alive).
Following is the treatment of a Case of Cervical
Caries in upper Central Incisors
These fillings are required for Cervical caries or Cervical Abrasion caused by faulty tooth brushing. The dentine of the root gets exposed causing unaesthetic exposure of teeth and hypersensitivity due to age and /or gum recession, this can be corrected with the help of Bonded Fillings. Apart from weakening the tooth, these wedge shaped defects are very close to the gum, maintaining hygiene of that area becomes very difficult. These lesions eventually turn into deep caries involving root surfaces of the teeth which may cause damage to the nerve.
These are Class II fillings Placed in between teeth. These fillings do not survive for a long time. They Fracture under the immense force used during chewing of food. These fillings are usually big, including one or more walls of the tooth, So tend to break shortly after you get them.
These fillings take lot of support from the tooth rather a good restoration. It is always advised to get these types of big fillings Capped, technically termed as Crowns. After receiving Crown, the tooth becomes very very secured future.
Importance of Fillings:
All Dental Fillings are a Painless & Inexpensive Treatment. Since they avoid Pain when cavity grows to Root Canal. Dental Fillings are in fact money saving. It goes by the Notion “A Stich in Time Saves Nine” Today’s Dental Fillings are Highly Cosmetic and Very Long lasting. We at Dr Grover;s Dental Clinic use all Hi Tech Instruments like Fiber-Optic Handpiece, Modern Techniques & Latest Materials like 3M Composites with 7 th generation Bonding Material. We assure you to give you the Best World Class Treatment at affordable rates.
A smile is an expensive way to change your looks